Prehistoric Indian mound builders were probably the first residents of this area. The city name originated from the rich resources of the land, the picturesque cliffs and the many springs and abundant waters in the area.
Thirty-five minutes northeast of Dayton on the banks of the Mad River near Clark Lake and the Clarence J. Brown Reservoir in Clark County, Springfield is the county seat. The city is perhaps best known as one of the world's leading manufacturers of agricultural equipment as the home of International Harvester Company (now known as Navistar International). The 4-H Club movement had its beginnings in Springfield. As one of Dayton's earliest outlying settlements, many different periods of growth have contributed to the varied cultures and economic levels. Houses from the last century survive with newer homes. Many of the older Victorian dwellings are being artfully and carefully restored by young artisans. One can also find many newer homes of brick and frame, more modest in size and price.
North of I-70, Springfield's residents use St. Rt. 40 and 68 to get around town.
The Community Hospital is located in Springfield. The hospital offers, among other amenities, an emergency center, a birthing center and a nursing school.
The Upper Valley Mall consists of four department stores: Sears, JC Penney, Lazarus and Elder Beerman, with over 70 specialty shops, eateries, and a cinema. The Circus Shopping Plaza is also located in Springfield. Numerous neighborhood retail centers serve residents' daily needs.
The Heritage Center downtown offers a glimpse into the town's rich history. The Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield Symphony, Clark State Performing Arts Center, Ohio Lyric Theatre and the Springfield Arts Council provide a taste of culture. The National Trails Park and Recreation District manages over 1200 acres of parks in the area. There are several golf courses through Springfield. Forest Hills has a 9 hole par 3 course, Rocky Lakes Golf Course also has 9 holes, Reid Memorial Park offers 36 holes, Snyder Park has 18 and Locust Hills has a 27 hole course. Springfield is home to two country clubs, Northwood Hills and Springfield Country Club.